References


Notes

  • The references for all ultrasonic-resonator pages are centrally located here. All references are ordered alphabetically by the surname of the first listed author; if no author is listed, then by the title of the publication.
  • Relevant page numbers are given in the calling citation. Any referenced page numbers should correspond to the original manuscript. In a few cases, however, these page numbers may have been taken inadvertently from the associated pdf.
  • References that are available without restricted access are available directly from this site as pdf files. Otherwise, the user must obtain these on his own.
  • Links to external web pages that open in a new tab or window are displayed as link.

Books, theses, dissertations

  • Abramowitz, Milton; Stegun, Irene S., Handbook of Mathematical Functions, Ninth edition, Dover Publications, New York, NY, 1972, ISBN 0–486–61272–4
  • Al-Sarraf, Zaiad (1), A Study of Ultrasonic Metal Welding (pdf), PhD thesis, University of Glasgow, 2013
  • Arthington, M. R., Photogrammetric techniques for characterisation of anisotropic mechanical properties of Ti-6Al-4V (pdf, 46 MB), thesis for degree of D.Phil. in Engineering Science, Christ Church, University of Oxford, Trinity Term 2010
  • ASM Handbook, Volume 2 - Properties and Selection - Nonferrous Alloys and Special-Purpose Materials, ASM International, Metals Park, OH 44073, second printing, 1992
  • Berger, Harvey L., (1) Ultrasonic Liquid Atomization - Theory and Application, Partridge Hill Publishers, Hyde Park, NY, 1998, ISBN 0–9637801–2–3
  • Blevins, Robert D. (1), Formulas for Natural Frequency and Mode Shape, Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar, FL, 1995, ISBN 0–89464–894–2
  • Bloss, Matthew (1), Ultrasonic Metal Welding: The Weldability of Stainless Steel, Titanium and Nickel-Based Super Alloys (pdf), Masters thesis, Ohio State University, 2008
  • Boyer, Howard E. (editor), Atlas of Fatigue Curves, American Society for Metals, Metals Park, OH 44073, ISBN 0–87170–214–2
  • Brennen, Christopher E. (1), Cavitation and Bubble Dynamics (pdf), Oxford University Press, New York, NY, 1995, ISBN 0–87170–214–2
  • Brown, Stanley A.; Lemons, Jack E. (1) (editors), Medical Applications of Titanium and Its Alloys: The Material and Biological Issues, ASTM, West Conshohocken, PA, 1996, ISBN 0–8031–2010–9
  • Bryson, William E. (1), Heat Treatment, Selection, and Application of Tool Steels (2nd Edition), USA and Canada — Hanser Publications, 6915 Valley Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45244-3029 (www.hanserpublications.com); elsewhere — Carl Hanser Verlag, Postfach 86 04 20, 81631 München, Germany (www.hanser.de), ISBN 1–56990–376–X
  • Burlington, Richard Stevens (editor), Handbook of Mathematical Tables and Formulas, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, 1965, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 63‑23531
  • Cady, Walter Guyton, Piezoelectricity - An Introduction to the Theory and Applications of Electromechanical Phenomena in Crystals (First Edition) (pdf, 43 MB), McGraw‑Hill Book Company, New York, 1946 (downloaded from https://archive.org/details/piezoelectricity031514mbp)
  • Campbell, Flake C. (editor), Elements of Metallurgy and Engineering Alloys, Chapter 14 - Fatigue, ASM International, 2008, ISBN 1615030581, 9781615030583
  • Cardoni, Andrea (1), Characterising the dynamic response of ultrasonic cutting devices (pdf), thesis to obtain the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Mechanical Engineering at the University of Glasgow, Scotland, 2003
  • de Vries, Edgar (1), Mechanics and Mechanisms of Ultrasonic Metal Welding (pdf), PhD dissertation, The Ohio State University, USA, 2004
  • Derks, Pierre (1), The design of ultrasonic resonators with wide output cross-sections (pdf), thesis to obtain the degree of Doctor of Technical Sciences at the Technical University of Eindhoven, Netherlands, 1984
  • Donachie, Matthew J., Jr., Titanium; A Technical Guide, ASM International, Metals Park, OH 44073, 1988, ISBN 0–87170–309–2
  • Dukane IAS (2), Guide to Ultrasonic Plastics Assembly, Part No. 403-536-02, St. Charles, IL 60174
  • Eskin, G. I. (1), Ultrasonic Treatment of Light Alloy Melts, All-Russia Institute of Light Alloys, Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, ISBN 90-5699-042-X
  • Frost, N. E.; Marsh, K. J.; Pook, L. P., Metal Fatigue, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1974
  • Floyd, Dennis R.; Lowe, John N., Beryllium Science and Technology (Volume 2), Plenum Press, New York, 1979
  • Graham, James A. (editor), Fatigue Design Handbook, Society of Automotive Engineers, 400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA., 1968, ISBN 0–89883–004–4
  • Garcia, Ramon (1), Comprehensive Cavitation Damage for Water and Various Liquid Metals (pdf, 34 MB), PhD dissertation, Nuclear Engineering, University of Michigan, USA
  • Hampton, Christopher (1), Failure Analysis of a 30kHz Ultrasonic Welding Transducer (pdf), thesis — Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2010
  • Hatch, John E. (1), Aluminum: Properties and Physical Metallurgy, ASM International, Metals Park, OH 44073, 1984, ISBN 0871701766
  • Heywood, R. B., Designing Against Fatigue of Metals, Reinhold Publishing Corp., New York, 1962
  • Juvinall, Robert C., Stress, Strain, and Strength, McGraw–Hill Book Company, New York, NY, 1967, ISBN 07–033180–4
  • Kinsler, Lawrence E.; Frey, Austin R.; Coppens, Alan B.; Sanders, James V., Fundamentals of Acoustics, Third edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, 1982, ISBN 0–471–02933–5
  • Knapp, Robert; Daily, James; Hammitt, Frederick (1), Cavitation, McGraw-Hill Inc., New York, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 77-96428
  • Kumar, Vinoo (1) "Understanding Ultrasonic Plastics Assembly" (pdf), Nevik Ultrasonics, 2011
  • Krautkramer, Josef; Krautkramer, Herbert, Ultrasonic Testing of Materials, Fourth Edition, Springer–Verlag, New York, NY, 1990, ISBN 3–540–51231–4 or 0–387–51231–4
  • Lee, Seungjae (1), Process and Quality Characterization for Ultrasonic Welding Of Lithium Ion Batteries (pdf), PhD dissertation, University of Michigan, USA, 2013
  • Light, Kendrick (1) "Development of a Cavitation Erosion Resistant Advanced Material System" (pdf), thesis — Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469-5711, 2005
  • López, Marc Miralda; Paez, Patricia Lorenzo (1), Fatigue Properties of Tungsten Heavy Alloys IT180 and D176 (pdf), Master's thesis, Lund University, Sweden, 2011
  • Mathieson, Andrew (1), Nonlinear characterisation of power ultrasonic devices used in bone surgery (pdf, 17 MB), Ph.D. thesis, School of Engineering, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK, 2012
  • Meyer, Erwin; Neumann, Ernst–Georg (1), Physical and Applied Acoustics, Academic Press, New York, NY, 1972, Library of Congress catalog card number 75–187239
  • Miller, Irwin; Freund, John (1), Probability and Statistics for Engineers (Second Edition), Prentice‑Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1977, ISBN 0‑13‑711945‑3
  • Morse, Philip M.; Ingard, K. Uno, Theoretical Acoustics, McGraw–Hill Book Company, New York, NY
  • Oberg, Erik; Jones, Franklin D.; Horton, Holbrook L.; Ryffel, Henry H., Machinery's Handbook, 25th Edition, (Robert E. Green, Editor), Industrial Press, NY, 1996, ISBN 0–8311–2424–5
  • Osgood, C. C., Fatigue Design, John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 1971, ISBN–13 978–0471657118
  • Pilkey, Walter D., Peterson's Stress Concentration Factors, Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, 1997, ISBN 0–471–53849–3
  • Prokic, Miodrag (1), Piezoelectric Converters Modeling and Characterization (pdf), 2004 (with permission)
  • Radmanović, Milan; Mančić, Dragan, Designing and Modelling of The Power Ultrasonic Transducers, University of Niš, Faculty of Electronics, MPI (http://www.mpi-ultrasonics.com/content/mpi-publications), 2004, ISBN 86­80135­87­9
  • Rayleigh (Baron), John William Strutt (1), The Theory of Sound, two volumes, Dover Publications, New York, NY, 1945, ISBN 486–60293–1
  • Rice, Richard C. (editor), Fatigue Design Handbook, Second Edition, Society of Automotive Engineers, 1988, ISBN 0–89883–011–7
  • Rschevkin, S. N., A Course of Lectures on The Theory of Sound, P. E. Doak (editor), Pergamon Press, New York, NY, 1963
  • Schneider, George Jr., Cutting Tool Applications (pdf, 34 MB), ASM International, Metals Park, OH 44073, 2002, ISBN 0615121918, 978–0615121918
  • Seto, William W., (1) Schaum's Outline of Theory and Problems of Acoustics, McGraw–Hill, New York, NY, 1971, ISBN 07–056328–4
  • Shigley, Joseph Edward (1), Mechanical Engineering Design, McGraw–Hill Book Company, New York, NY, 1963, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 63–11855
  • SPS Technologies (3), Product Engineering Report Number 4718, Fastener Seminar 1974, Jenkintown, PA 19046, Third Printing 1980
  • Swanson, S. Roy (editor), Handbook of Fatigue Testing, ASTM Special Technical Publication 566, 1974
  • Thompson, William T., Vibration Theory and Applications, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1965, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 64–66085
  • Timoshenko, S.; Young, D. H.; Weaver Jr.,W., Vibration Problems in Engineering, Fourth Edition, John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY, 1974, ISBN 0–471–87315–2
  • van Randeraat, J.; Setterington, R. E., Piezoelectric Ceramics - Properties and Applications (Second Edition), N. V. Philips' Gloeilampenfabrieken, Eindhove, The Netherlands, January 1974
  • Varley, P. C., The Technology of Aluminum and Its Alloys, Newnes-Butterworths, London, 1970, ISBN–10 0408088001, ISBN–13 978–0408088008
  • Vlad, Maria (1), Ultrasonic welding of aluminum: a practical study in consistency, part marking and control modes (pdf), PhD dissertation, Iowa State University, USA, 2007
  • Waanders, J.  W., Piezoelectric Ceramics - Properties and Applications (pdf), N. V. Philips' Gloeilampenfabrieken, Eindhove, The Netherlands, April 1991.
  • Wells, Joseph M.; Buck, Otto; Roth, Lewis D.; Tien, John K. (editors), Ultrasonic Fatigue, The Metallurgical Society of AIME, Warrendale, PA, 1982, ISBN 0–89520–397–9
  • Young, Warren C., Roark's Formulas for Stress and Strain, Sixth Edition, McGraw–Hill Book Company, New York, NY, 1989, ISBN 0–07–072541–1
  • Symposium on Determination of Elastic Constants (Special Technical Publication No. 129), American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM), Philadelphia, PA, 1952

Articles

Patents

Power supplies and circuits

  • Roberts, Allan (2) "Ultrasonic Apparatus", U.S. Patent 5,828,156 (pdf), 1998‑10‑27, assigned to Branson Ultrasonics Corp., Danbury, CT
  • Sheehan, James F. (2), "Ultrasonic Welder with High-Q Tool", U.S. Patent 2006/0144906 A1 (pdf), 2006‑07‑06
  • Transducers

    • Branson, Norman G.; Woods, Renovah, "Ultrasonic Transducer", U.S. Patent 3,066,232 (pdf), 1962‑11‑27, assigned to Branson Instruments
    • Bromfield, George (2), "Ultrasonic Transducer Devices and Methods of Manufacture", U.S. Patent 2007/0063618 A1 (pdf), 2007‑03‑22, assigned to PiezoInnovations, Salt Lake City, UT
    • Culp, Donald (1), "Means for Improving Transducer Performance by Using a Modified Tail Mass", Disclosure (pdf), 1991
    • DeAngelis, Dominick; Eder, James (4), "Integrated Flexure Mount Scheme For Dynamic Isolation of Ultrasonic Transducers", U.S. patent 7,137,543 B2 (pdf), 2006-11-01, assigned to Kulicke & Soffa Industries, Fort Washington, PA
    • DeCastro, Eugene (1), "Ultrasonic transducer assembly having a cobalt-base alloy housing", U.S. patent 6,150,753 (pdf), 2000-11-21, assigned to Cae Blackstone, Jamestown, NY
    • Harwood, Philip (1), "Ultrasonic Transducer Assembly using Crush Foils", US patent 5798599 (pdf), 1998-08-25, assigned to Dukane Corporation, St. Charles, IL
    • Johnson, Benjaman; Cao, Zhaoxin; Bernhardt, Brian; Marathe, Kaustubh; Phaneuf, Gregory; Puskas, William, "Low Loss Ultrasound Transducers", U.S. Patent 2007/0080609 A1 (pdf), 2007‑04‑12, assigned to Cleaning Technology Group
    • Jones, James Byron; Maropis, Nicholas (1), "Transducer Assembly", U.S. Patent 3,283,182 (pdf), 1966‑11‑01, assigned to Aeroprojects Inc., West Chester, PA
    • Jones, James Byron; De Prisco, Carmine; Mills, Glen; Maropis, Nicholas (2), "Vibrator Device for Delivering Vibratory Energy at High Power", U.S. patent 3,148,293 (pdf), 1964‑08‑08, assigned to Aeroprojects Inc., West Chester, PA
    • Jones, James Byron; De Prisco, Carmine; Mills, Glen; Weismantel, Elmer (3), "Apparatus for Introducing High Levels of Vibratory Energy to a Work Area", U.S. patent 3,039,333 (pdf), 1962‑06‑19, assigned to Aeroprojects Inc., West Chester, PA
    • Langevin, P. , French Patents 502913, 1920; 505713, 1920; 575435, 1924
    • Massa, Frank (1), "High-power underwater transducer with improved performance and reliability characteristics and method for controlling said improved characteristics", U.S. Patent 4,231,112 (pdf), 1980‑10‑28
    • Massa, John; Simon, William (1), "Ultrasonic Welding Device with Dual Converters", U.S. Patent 10,052,714 B2 (pdf), 2018‑08‑21, assigned to Sonics & Materials
    • Roberts, Allan; Sheehan, James (1), "Electroacoustic Converter", U.S. Patent 6,434,244‑B1 (pdf), 2002‑08‑13, assigned to Branson Ultrasonics Corp., Danbury, CT
    • Roberts, Allan (3), "Ultrasonic Apparatus", U.S. Patent 6,078,125 (pdf), 2000‑06‑20, assigned to Branson Ultrasonics Corp., Danbury, CT
    • Scarpa, Thomas (1), "Electroacoustic Sandwich Transducers", U.S. Patent 3,140,859A (pdf), 2002‑08‑13, assigned to International Ultrasonics Corp., Cramford, NJ
    • Shoh, Andrew (1), "Sonic Transducer", U.S. Patent 3,524,085 (pdf), 1970‑08‑11, assigned to Branson Instruments Inc., Stamford, CT
    • Williams, David (1), "Ultrasonic Transducer with Half-Wave Separator ...", U.S. Patent 3,689,783 (pdf), 1972‑09‑05, assigned to Eastman Kodak Company, Rochester, NY

    Boosters & mounts

    • Coenen, Joseph, (1) "Rebuildable Support Assembly", U.S. Patent 4,647,336 (pdf), 1987‑03‑03, assigned to Kimberly-Clark Corp, Neenah, WI
    • Cunningham, Patrick M., (1) "Mounting Means for Vibration Member", U.S. Patent 5,443,240 (pdf), 1995‑08‑22, assigned to Branson Ultrasonics Corp, Danbury, CT
    • Cunningham, Patrick M. (2), "Mounting Means and Method for Vibration Member", U.S. Patent 5,590,866 (pdf), 1997‑01‑07, assigned to Branson Ultrasonics Corp, Danbury, CT
    • Elmore, William C. (1), "Support for Vibratory Devices", U.S. Patent 2,891,178A (pdf), 1959‑06‑16, assigned to Aeroprojects Inc., West Chester, PA
    • Patrikios, Michael (1), "Ultrasonic Welder with Dynamic Nodal Horn Support", U.S. Patent 5,772,100 (pdf), 1998‑06‑30, assigned to American Technology, Shelton, CT
    • Patrikios, Michael; Rushton, Andrew (2), "Ultrasonic Welding Device", U.S. Patent 8,113,258 B2 (pdf), 2012‑12‑14, assigned to Sonics & Materials, Newtown, CT
    • Shoh, Andrew (3), "Vibratory Seam Welding Apparatus", U.S. Patent 3,955,740 (pdf), 1976‑05‑11, assigned to Branson Ultrasonics, New Canaan, CT

    Horns

    • Davis, Paul H. (1), "Ultrasonic Rigid Horn Assembly", U.S. Patent 3780926 (pdf), 1973‑12‑25, assigned to Dukane Corp., St. Charles, IL
    • Davis, Paul H. (2), "Ultra-Sonic Horn", U.S. patent 4,131,505 (pdf), 1978‑12‑26, assigned to Dukane Corp., St. Charles, IL
    • Ehlert, Thomas; Bromfield, George; McNichols, Patrick; Stegelmann, Norman (1), "Amplifying Ultrasonic Waveguides", U.S. Patent 8459122B2 (pdf), 2013‑06‑13, assigned to Kimberly-Clark, Neenah, WI
    • Elbert, Lawrence E.; Irwin, Charles S. (1), "Ultrasonic Horn Assembly", U.S. Patent 4,607,185 (pdf), 1986‑08‑19, assigned to American Hospital Supply Corp., Evanston, IL
    • Goldman, Herbert (1), "Apparatus for Vibration Welding of Material", U.S. U.S. Patent 4,146,416 (pdf), 1979‑03‑27, assigned to Crompton & Knowles, Parsippany, NJ
    • Graff, Karl; Benedict, Cameron; Wenning, Justice (2), "Sonotrode Apparatus for Use in Ultrasonic Additive Manufacturing", U.S. Patent 9,346,120B1 (pdf), 2016‑05‑24, assigned to Edison Welding Institute, Columbus, OH
    • Gunnerman, Rudolf (1), "Corrosion Resistant Ultrasonic Horn", U.S. Patent 6,652,992 B1 (pdf), 2003‑11‑25, assigned to SulphCo, Inc., Sparks, NV
    • Gunnerman, Rudolf (2), "High-Power Ultrasonic Horn", U.S. Patent 20060196915A1 A1 (pdf), 2006‑09‑07, assigned to SulphCo, Inc., Sparks, NV
    • Harris, Everett A.; Jugler, John (1), "Resonator Exhibiting Uniform Motional Output", U.S. Patent 4,651,043 (pdf), 1987‑03‑17, assigned to Branson Ultrasonics Corp, Danbury, CT
    • Harris, Everett A. (2), "High Frequency Resonator for Welding Material", U.S. Patent 4,786,356 (pdf), 1988‑11‑22, assigned to Branson Ultrasonics Corp, Danbury, CT
    • Herrmann, Walter (2), "Device for the ultrasonic machining of a workpiece", European patent EP 0 711 626 B1 (pdf), 1998‑07‑08, assigned to Herrmann Ultraschalltechnik GmbH, Germany
    • Holze Jr., Ernest P.; Culp, Donald R. (1), "Replaceable Welding Tip for Vibratory Welding Apparatus", U.S. Patent 3,813,006 (pdf), 1974‑05‑28, assigned to Branson Ultrasonics Corp, New Canaan, CT
    • Holze Jr., Ernest P. (2), "Ultrasonic Resonator (Horn) with Skewed Slots", U.S. Patent 4,315,181 (pdf), 1982‑02‑09, assigned to Branson Ultrasonics Corp, Stamford, CT
    • Holze Jr., Ernest P. (3), "Resonator Exhibiting Uniform Motional Output", U.S. Patent 4,363,992, 1982‑12‑14, assigned to Branson Ultrasonics Corp, Newtown, CT
    • Jones, James Byron (3), "Transducer Coupling System", U.S. Patent 3,209,447 (pdf), 1965‑10‑059, assigned to Aeroprojects Inc., West Chester, PA
    • Klein, Kevin J. (1), "Manufacture of High Frequency Horns", U.S. Patent 5,095,188 (pdf), 1992‑03‑10, assigned to Branson Ultrasonics Corp, Danbury, CT
    • Maropis, Nicholas (2), "Method and Apparatus for Delivering Ultrasonic Energy", U.S. Patent 3,184,842 (pdf), 1965‑05‑25, assigned to Aeroprojects Inc., West Chester, PA
    • Scotto, Jean-Pierre (1), "Perfectionnement aux appareils pour la production d'ultrasons" [Improvement to devices for production of ultrasound], French Patent 2.203.295, 1974
    • Scotto, Jean-Pierre (2), "Ultrasonic Welding Tools", U.S. Patent 4,582,239 (pdf), 1986‑04‑15, assigned to Mecasonic, Annemasse, France
    • Scotto, Jean-Pierre (3), "Perfectionnement apportes a la fabrication des sonotrodes ultrasoniques" [Improvement in the manufacture of ultrasonic sonotrodes], French patent 2.547.225, 1984‑12‑14, assigned to Mecasonic, Annemasse, France
    • Scotto, Jean-Pierre (4), "Ultraschall-Sonotrode" [Ultrasonic sonotrode], German patent 3328614A1, 1984‑12‑13, assigned to Mecasonic, Annemasse, France
    • Sheehan, James F.; Mainolfi, Sylvio J. (1), "Symmetric Ultrasonic Rotary Horn", U.S. Patent 6,457,626 (pdf), 2002‑10‑01, assigned to Branson Ultrasonics Corp, Danbury, CT
    • Shoh, Andrew (2), "Vibratory Welding Apparatus", U.S. Patent 3,752,380 (pdf), 1973‑08‑14, assigned to Branson Instruments, Stamford, CT
    • Vieira, Frank (1), "Ultrasonic Steel Horn for Tire Cutting and Method of Manufacturing", U.S. Patent 20150007704A1 (pdf), 2015‑01‑08, assigned to Branson Ultrasonics Corp, Danbury, CT
    • Wuchinich, David G. (4), "Vibration Apparatus Preferably for Endoscopic Ultrasonic Aspirator", U.S. Patent 4,750,488 (pdf), 1988‑06‑14

    Applications/Methods

    • Jones, James Byron; Elmore, William; De Prisco, Carmine; (4), "Method and Apparatus Employing Vibratory Energy for Bonding Metals", U.S. Patent 2,946,119 (pdf), 1960‑07‑26, assigned to Aeroprojects Inc., West Chester, PA
    • White, Dawn (1), "Object Consolidation Employing Friction Joining", U.S. Patent 6,457,629 B1 (pdf), 2002‑08‑14, assigned to Solidica, Inc., Ann Arbor, MI
    • White, Dawn (2), "Object Consolidation through Sequential Material Deposition", U.S. Patent 6,814,823 B1 (pdf), 2004‑11‑09, assigned to Solidica, Inc., Ann Arbor, MI

    Other

  • Haswell, Walter T; Kasak, August (1), "Powder-Metallurgy Steel Article with High Vanadium-Carbide Content", U.S. Patent 4,249,945 (pdf), 1981‑02‑10, assigned to Crucible, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA
  • Stegelmann, Norman (1), "Ultrasonic Horn Assembly Stack Component Connector", U.S. Patent 6,841,921 B2 (pdf), 2005‑01‑11, assigned to Kimberly-Clark Corp, Neenah, WI
  • Materials

    General design information

    Health

  • Canadaian Government, Environmental Health Directorate (1), "Guidelines for the Safe Use of Ultrasound, Part II - Industrial & Commercial Applications - Safety Code 24" (pdf), ISBN 0-660-13741-0, 1991
  • Unpublished communications

    • Culp, Donald R. (0), retired at Krell Engineering, Baltimore, MD 21228
    • Maropis, Nicholas (0), Maropis Technical Enterprises, Inc., Baden, PA 15005
    • Prokic, Miodrag (0), MPI Ultrasonics, Marais 36, 2400 Le Locle, Switzerland
    • Wuchinich, David R. (0), Modal Mechanics, Yonkers, NY 10705

    Manufacturers and suppliers

    Ultrasonic equipment

    Materials

    Piezoelectric ceramics

    Steel

    Titanium

    Other

    Coatings

    Instrumentation

    Amplitude

    Power (wattmeters)

    Parts and supplies

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